Laser Tattoo Removal: An introductory Guide

Laser Tattoo Removal: There IS hope after the ink has dried

Tattoos lose novelty for their owner for many reasons.  Our laser tattoo removal, Perth based clinic serves a range of clients.  Some feel their tattoo was a bad idea to begin with, for others their taste simply changed.  Then there are those who penned the name of their sweetheart permanently to their person – and well, times change and sweethearts change too!

Whether it’s the name of an ex-girlfriend, a quote or image that’s no longer ‘you’ – the good news is, you can have your tattoo removed and happily move forward without it.

This said the guidelines, methods and costs of tattoo removal are poorly understood.  This guide will get you started.  By the end, you’ll know which steps to take – and which treatments to avoid.

If you’re in the market for a tattoo, then read this first to understand the implications if you ever change your mind after being inked!

How laser tattoo removal works

The removal of your tattoo is a process rather than a one-off visit.  It’s also more expensive than getting your tattoo was.  Even when using the best available technology to remove your tattoos, there is sadly no guarantee your skin will bounce right back to its pre-tattoo condition.  Depending on your skin type, skin colour, and the inks used – it’s possible for traces of past tattoos to remain.

Be aware too, if you’d like a tattoo removed, the earliest you can do so is after 12 months of having it done because the ink takes about a year to settle into your skin.  Only then can you have it removed.

When it comes to colour, tattoos comprising multi-colours can be trickier to remove than those of pure black ink.

The table below lists tattoo colours according to ease of removal:

Easy to remove Difficult to remove
Black Purple
Red Brown
Green Light orange
Dark Blue Light blue

The ink colours listed in the “Difficult to remove” column can potentially become darker with laser treatment.  For this reason, your doctor will likely do a spot test before scheduling a full tattoo removal treatment.

Woman with stages of laser tattoo removal

How laser tattoo removal works

Q-switched lasers are most effective in contemporary tattoo removal. We use this technology at our tattoo removal Perth practice. The custom tattoo removal laser is set to a specific wavelength, depending on a patient’s skin type, as well as the colour and location of the tattoo.

Again, with respect to removing specific ink colours, different lasers are required for removing different colours. While one particular type of laser will be effective at removing black and green ink, another will work at removing red and blue.

Either way, the manner in which lasers work is they release a pulse of light energy. This light-laser is absorbed by tattoo ink which has settled into the deep second layer of your skin. With this process, the tattoo ink fragments into tiny particles which the body then absorbs and clears away. In older tattoos, the ink fragments more easily and these are generally easier to remove.

The treatments required to remove your tattoo(s) will depend on a number of factors. These include the size and colours of the tattoo, its location and the nature of the ink originally used. The shade of your skin and the speed at which it’s able to heal also play a role.  Generally speaking, a treatment schedule spaced at 4-6 week intervals, gives the best results.

Side effects (Scarring & Pain)

Tattoo removal is a delicate process.  It’s extremely important that removal treatments are carried out by an experienced and competent professional who knows what they are doing.  Take care to this end, and your risk of scarring will be minimal.  Whilst it’s absolutely possible to not scar at all, scarring does happen.  This is so for various reasons – and even with the help of expert professionals, scarring is not always avoidable.

Now, on the delicate matter of pain – laser tattoo removal is a bit like a trip to the dentist.  It’s not without its discomfort.  However, your doctor will help you by numbing the area with a local anaesthetic, in either cream or injectable form.

Mild discomfort or itching is also common following treatment.  If it is particularly persistent, your doctor can prescribe cortisone cream to help you manage whilst your skin journeys through its natural healing process.

laser tattoo removal

Safety + effectiveness

The recovery period associated with tattoo removal is relatively fast and your life can continue as usual without too much fuss.

In respect of our tattoo removal Perth clients who enjoy being out in the Western Australian sun we advise keeping treated areas well covered whilst skin is healing.  Sunburn on treated skin will cause unnecessary pain and discomfort.  Be cautious and allow your skin to heal safely and effectively by keeping with your doctor’s care instructions following your tattoo removal treatment.

Other tattoo removal options

While Q-switched laser is not the only way of removing tattoos, it is highly effective, safe – and works on tattoos of all ages and colours.

If you’re curious about other options, keep in mind they’re often not effective.  They’re often a safety risk and more likely to scar your skin.  For example:

Home-made dermal scrubs:  These may work for surface-tattoos where the ink is not set all that deep, however results are ineffective at best.

Creams and topical treatments:  Whilst these can sound like an easy and cost-effective option, such products sourced from countries outside of Australian regulatory controls, work only on the surface of your skin to offer tattoo fading – with repeated use.  What’s more, these products very possibly contain harmful acids and other chemicals unfit for use on your skin.

Injections:  acid injections offered as a mechanism to remove tattoos can be extremely unsafe and result in unsightly marks and scars.

Cost of laser tattoo removal

A best-case scenario, safe and effective tattoo removal experience will typically mean at least 5 treatments costing between $200 – $500 per tattoo removal treatment.  This will depend on the nature of your personal “ink removal project”.

Since you’ve read this far, you’re suitably equipped to take a more informed approach in looking to remove your unwanted tattoos.

Please don’t risk methods of tattoo removal which threaten your health or safety.  It’s simply not worth it.  You honestly don’t want to regret yet another tattoo related decision!

Instead, get started on the right foot by formulating a plan with our team of tattoo removal Perth professionals at Dr Goldman’s surgery.  We have your best interests (and results) at heart.

If you’d like a confidential chat about your tattoo removal needs, then get in touch with us at 1300 453 307.  We’re here to help you get the very best result!

4-Minute Guide to Laser Skin Rejuvenation

There is often some confusion about skin rejuvenation, and a lot is due to the multiple names used for the procedure; it is often referred to as laser skin resurfacing, a skin peel, or Laser360.

Despite the numerous terminologies, they achieve the same result: younger, tighter, and softer skin that is free from wrinkles, age spots, and acne scarring.

Usually, skin rejuvenation is an intrusive cosmetic procedure that requires extended recovery time. The procedure is also not appropriate for many skin types or skin conditions.

Our pick is the laser 360 treatment, which is a new way to regain younger, tighter skin without extended recovery time or pain. As it is still a cosmetic procedure, it is essential you learn about the treatment so you fully understand the process and if it will benefit you before scheduling.

What Is Laser 360 Skin Rejuvenation?

Laser 360 Skin Rejuvenation is a cosmetic procedure that treats problem areas such as discolouration, fine lines, and wrinkles from within to perfect the appearance of the skin.

By combining three technologies – AFT pulsing light, Accent ultra-radio frequency and iPixel – Laser360 can rejuvenate your skin in multiple pain-free, timely treatment sessions with your cosmetic surgeon.

  • AFT pulsing light evens out discolouration within the skin through the reduction of blood vessels within the area. The light corrects the appearance of blemishes, discolouration and redness.
  • Accent ultra-radio is used to tighten the skin within the area, which is beneficial for the treating and removal of fine lines and wrinkles.
  • iPixel focuses on the tones and texture of your skin. Collagen improves the texture of our skin and smooths out lines and wrinkles that appear as we age. The iPixel stimulates the formation and growth of collagen.

These technologies are combined to create a laser that is tailored to your specific needs and skin type to correct problem areas. The handheld laser is placed against the skin to rebuild and rejuvenate your skin, generating perfection from the inside out.

Why Laser360?

Almalasers Laser360

Source: AlmaLasers

Unlike other skin rejuvenating treatments, the Laser360 is non-invasive.  Rather than damaging the surface layers of skin cells to create a youthful complexion, Laser360’s purpose is to fix the issue from the inside out.  Laser technology tightens the skin and promotes the growth of collagen, without damaging layers of skin cells.

Laser 360 treatment is available in multiple areas; it is designed to be used on the delicate and sensitive skin on our faces, neck, and chest. Treatable areas include:

  • Forehead
  • Under eyes
  • Cheeks
  • Around the mouth
  • Upper Lip
  • Neck
  • Chest

The final results of the treatment, including younger-looking skin, can be seen within 6o days from the start of the treatment process, with no required recovery time.

How it Compares to Other Methods

Laser 360 Skin Rejuvenation

Other Skin Rejuvenation Procedures

Procedure: Multiple sessions of laser treatment according to your customised plan Procedure: One treatment lasting from 30 minutes to 2 hours, depending on areas being treated. Removal of layers of skin stimulates the growth of new skin cells
Risks:  Slight redness Risks: Burns, scarring, change in skin’s pigmentation, discolouration, infections, scabbing, swelling, blistering, mild sunburn-like feeling, itching, increased sensitivity to the sun. Can also cause acne and cold sores to reappear.
Candidates: Anyone Candidates: Have fine wrinkles, elastic&non-oily skin. Candidates must also not be on medication or prone to scarring. Only suitable for specific skin tones, due to risk of discolouration.
Recovery Time: No recovery time; you can go back to work immediately after your session. Recovery Time: Between 10-21 days; recommended 1-2 weeks off work. Can take 3 months until redness fades.
Recovery Process: None Recovery Process: Bandages to be worn for 24hrs. Ointment to be applied five times a day to prevent scarring. Ice packs can be used for swelling and pain. Certain medications and smoking prolong recovery time.

 Is Laser 360 Right for You?

Laser 360 skin rejuvenation treatments are great for those who need more than makeup and oils to fix those problem areas and want to enhance their skin’s appearance without the pain of invasive cosmetic surgery.

Laser 360 is tailored to suit your needs and fix the areas that you feel need a touch-up. After a consultation session with a cosmetic surgeon, you will be able to identify how many sessions you will need to have a younger, glowing complexion.

It is important that you are open and honest with your cosmetic surgeon to gain the best results and to avoid any risks. Any medical conditions or medications should be discussed in the consultation session. Achieving a young, soft, wrinkle-free complexion no longer has to be a long and painful process.

If you are in any way unsure as to which laser skin rejuvenation procedure or technology is best suited for your, Dr Goldman will assist you at your consultation in defining the best solution.

How to Look Younger Without Surgery

If you find that you’re constantly battling the tell-tale signs of aging, rest assured that you’re not alone.

People ranging in age from 30-60 are consistently on the hunt to find the solutions to remedy their aging skin, teeth, and bodies. For some, this means going under the knife for plastic surgery procedures to nip a little here, lift a little there, and plump things up. In Australia alone, people spend $1 billion on cosmetic procedures, according to SBS.

Many of those people, using an increasing number of technologies and procedures wished to correct facial aging (specifically around the eyes), as well as to improve facial aging issues like sagging necks, deep wrinkles, and jowl formations.

But why go under the knife when there are plenty of non-surgical solutions right in front of you? Not sure what they are? We’ve laid out a few of our favourite lifestyle choices, tips, and tricks for looking younger without undergoing the stress, expense, and recovery that go hand-in-hand with surgery.

Exercise and Diet


These two things are going to be the most important factor when it comes to keeping your appearance youthful. When it comes to exercise, you’re not just keeping your body limber and young, you’re also circulating more nutrients and oxygen to your skin to make you appear radiant.

Exercising essentially kickstarts the collagen production process of building younger skin, which tends to automatically slow down as you age. It also can get rid of grey hairs, reduce puffy eyes, and prevent free radical damage.

Diet, too, is an important factor. Avoid too much sugar and focus on unprocessed foods with healthy fats, antioxidants, and a heavy emphasis on fruits and vegetables.

Skincare and Lifestyle

When you think about your lifestyle, ask yourself a few questions:

  • Am I getting enough sleep?
  • Do I take proper care of my skin?
  • Am I avoiding substances (like alcohol and tobacco) and cortisol levels that could age me prematurely?

If not, you’ve got some work to do. When it comes to skincare, ensuring that your face and body are getting the right amount of moisturization and attention are going to be key in maintaining a youthful look.

In order to maintain youthful, healthy skin, a regular regimen is important. You should apply a moisturizer every day, wear sunscreen consistently, and wash your face at least once a day, especially after sweating. Additionally, avoiding alcohol and smoking can do wonders for you and your skin – smoking speeds up how quickly your skin ages, and alcohol can dehydrate and damage your skin as well.

Non-Invasive Procedures

Skin Procedure

If you’re looking for more than what a great diet and a life full of exercise can do, there are non-invasive, non-surgical procedures you can turn toward to get you and your appearance to where you want to be.

When it comes to combating symptoms of aging, one of the least invasive procedures is laser skin rejuvenation. Using four powerful technologies, this specialised method can help improve the appearance of your skin in as little as sixty days.

This skin rejuvenation process uses erbium lasers for skin resurfacing and rejuvenation to help remodel your collagen and tighten up your skin. After this treatment, your fine lines, wrinkles, and discolorations – even those that you think are permanently nestled into your skin – will disappear, giving you a new, revitalized, and youthful look.


To fight back against the symptoms of aging, you’ll probably need to implement a number of different lifestyle changes and choices to get the best results. A great diet, a healthy and regular exercise regimen, ensuring you’re getting plenty of sleep, and avoiding all substances like tobacco and alcohol are going to be absolutely vital to maintaining your youthful appearance.

When that’s not enough though, simple procedures that are non-surgical and non-invasive can be helpful! Consider looking into laser rejuvenation and resurfacing when you’re thinking about how to regain your youthful appearance.

Have questions about your skin rejuvenation options? Want to find out if laser skin rejuvenation is right for you? Get in touch with our helpful team today!

Year-Round Skin Care

Nothing brings out your natural beauty quite like clear, glowing skin.

To get bright, healthy, youthful looking skin, you must take care of it every day which means diligently sticking to a proper skin care routine. Products that worked great for you in the summer, however, may not deliver the same results when the weather turns cold, and vice versa.

A great skincare regimen depends upon customising your regimen and product arsenal throughout the year. This article outlines what you need to know about taking care of your skin throughout the year for the best possible results.

Exfoliate often


Exfoliating your skin is essential year-round, but you may find that you need it more in the winter time. Exfoliating 1-2 times per week will slough off dead skin cells and allow your moisturising products, like face oils, serums and moisturisers, to penetrate the skin more deeply.

Two types of exfoliating products exist: chemical and physical exfoliants. Chemical exfoliants use chemicals like alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), beta hydroxy acids (BHAs), and fruit acids and enzymes to exfoliate the skin. Physical exfoliants are products which rely on physical means, like small grains, beads, or bristles to exfoliate.

Be sure to follow up with a rich, nourishing face oil or skin cream to protect your skin and prevent it from losing excess moisture.

In the summer, your skin will naturally be more hydrated, but you should still exfoliate when needed to ensure your skin can optimally absorb moisturisers. It’s best to avoid products with rough, scratchy ingredients like large fruit pits and shells, as these can cause micro-tears in and irritation to the skin.

Cleanse daily

skin care routine

Use the best facial wash for your skin type. Many mistakenly think they must scrub with a strong cleanser to clean properly but, in reality, using harsh products may cause irritation, dryness, and peeling which are problematic in the drier winter months.

Switch to a gentle cleanser for sensitive skin which can add moisture to your skin and will soothe any dryness. If you have problematic skin or experience irritation, stick to a fragrance-free cleanser with minimal irritants.

In the summer, you may be able to choose a lighter cleanser so you continue to have gorgeous, glowing skin.

Target concerns with skin treatment products

After cleansing, it’s time to apply specific products designed for your skin type; you may find that you need to use more moisturising ingredients to hydrate the skin during the dry, cold winter months.

During the hot summer months, many people find their skin can tolerate less moisture, and lighter products are appropriate.

Use sun protection

moisturising cream

Sun protection should be an essential step of your year-round skincare routine, as the sun’s rays are damaging even on cloudy days. Suncare is a must if you want to have youthful skin and prevent wrinkles, premature aging, and skin cancer. Apply SPF to clean, dry skin after cleansing or moisturising.

Today’s sunscreens will meld into your skin and work well under makeup. In the winter, you may opt for a combination moisturiser and sunscreen that delivers hydration and protection.

For the beach and swimming in the summer, choose a water-resistant formula with a minimum of SPF 30 and re-apply at least every two hours generously. Using a lip balm with an SPF 15 or higher will also protect your lips.

Apply an eye treatment

If your eye area tends to get dry in the winter, use an eye cream or concealer with a moisturising formula designed specifically for the eye area.

In the summer, you may find that a lighter gel-based or oil-free cream during the day will offer enough moisture for the skin around your delicate eye area.

What’s next?

By understanding your skin care needs throughout the year’s seasonal changes, you can excellent results from your skin and enjoy the healthy complexion you deserve.

Want to learn more about getting younger looking skin? Dr Robert Goldman offers a variety of products and procedures to keep your skin looking radiant and youthful. From skin care products, to facial rejuvenation, to cosmetic injectables, Dr Goldman has everything you need for beautiful skin.

Contact us today for a quote and to schedule a consultation with Dr. Robert Goldman.

Contact us today for a quote and to schedule a consultation with Dr. Robert Goldman.

How to Treat Adult Acne

Acne is a common issue for many, yet you don’t expect it to reappear or stick around once you’ve reached adulthood.

Adult acne is more common among women and can occur during your 20s to your 40s. 15% of women in Australia suffer from adult acne. This type of acne usually appears on the chin or jawline, and, in some cases, on the torso and shoulders.

Adult acne is also known to scar easily, so it’s important to know what causes it, how to prevent it, and how to get rid of adult acne.

The Causes of Adult Acne


Generally, adult acne is caused by hormonal changes, and there are many things that can affect your hormones. Adult acne that is a result of hormone changes usually occurs on the chin, jawline, and cheeks. This type of acne is common among both men and women. These pimples appear as cysts and deep lumps.

A common cause of hormonal acne is stopping the use of oral contraceptives, also known as birth control medications. If your acne has been under control, and you notice a change after coming off of your birth control pills, it’s a sign that this is likely the cause. Also, increases in the male sex hormones called androgens are also known to cause acne. These hormonal changes can cause pores to become inflamed, sensitive, swollen, and more easily blocked and infected.

Poor Diet and Hygiene

acne diet hygiene

Women who are overweight and have an unhealthy diet are more acne prone as adults. Excess fat can cause oestrogens (female hormones) to act like androgens (male hormones), increasing the amount of sebum that the body produces. Sebum is a natural oil that keeps skin moist. When too much sebum is produced, hair follicles are clogged, causing secondary bacterial infection and resulting in acne.

Poor skin care can also trigger adult acne. It’s important to use the right products for your skin, especially as you age. If you have acne prone skin, avoid pore clogging oils, sorbolene, and heavy creams. Also, keep in mind that your skin is more dry and fragile as an adult, so products you used as a teen may not have the same effectiveness for you as an adult.


Unfortunately, some people are genetically predisposed to adult acne. Certain genetic factors are known to cause dead skin cells that build up in the pores of the skin, acting like a plug. This obstructs naturally occurring oils from properly leaving the pore, thereby keeping the skin more moist. The pore is then more prone to infection and results in the formation of pimples. The type of bacteria that infects the pore is called Propionibacterium, which is unlike blackhead or whitehead pimples.

High Stress

High stress levels are also known for triggering a change in hormone levels, leading to acne outbreaks. When you are stressed your body creates higher levels of cortisol, a stress hormone which can lead to an overproduction of oil. The excess oil will mix with dead skin cells and bacteria, causing an acne outbreak. While acute stress can cause acne on occasion, chronic stress can cause outbreaks more often.

How to Get Rid of Adult Acne

Choosing the proper treatment for your adult acne depends on your lifestyle. For instance, if you are trying to get pregnant, or you are already pregnant, you may need to take a different approach than a woman who is not.


If your acne is mild and you are open to trying some over-the-counter options before seeing your doctor, there are certain products you should use, and others you should avoid. For those with a mild case of adult acne, try products with salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, or acne washes that contain Montaline C40. Oil free or noncomedogenic products can also help. Avoid using products that contain sorbolene and creams that contain vitamin E without seeking specialist advice.

Always stick to the recommended dosages and do not overuse the products for longer than recommended without checking with a doctor. If you don’t see positive results within a few days, you may want to consider other options.

For more severe cases of adult acne, see your GP or dermatologist for prescription medications or creams. Your doctor can prescribe a variety of treatment plans. One of the most effective treatment plans is hormone treatments, which work in more than 75% of adult acne cases. This type of treatment can take 2-3 months to work and involves taking pills such as Cyproterone acetate, Drospirinone, or Spironolactone. As previously mentioned, pregnant women (or those trying to become pregnant) should avoid any type of anti-hormone treatment.

Another option is a topical cream that opens your pores and prevents them from becoming inflamed. For 30-50% of those that suffer from adult acne, creams successfully treat their outbreaks.

Proper Skin Care

Proper Acne Care

Adopting a healthy skin care regimen can help control your outbreaks. Our skin becomes more sensitive as we age, so using a gentle face wash is important. Avoid using an exfoliant or toner, as these products can worsen acne. The use of sunscreen on a regular basis is also important. Anti-aging creams can help to improve the texture and tone of your skin after it has suffered from an acne outbreak.

Something as simple as a chemical peel can help decongest blocked pores and improve the texture and tone of your skin by reducing the amount of blackheads. Glycolic peels or Sal chemical peels are two examples of chemical peels that can help control acne for adults.

In addition to chemical peels and skincare, acne can also be treated with IPL laser. This practice stimulates collagen fibres and improves the look of skin, erasing acne scars and improving skin’s texture and youthfulness.

Acne Prevention Methods

For those who don’t have a genetic factor causing their adult acne, there are many things that can be done to improve the health of your skin and prevent adult acne.

Supplements for Healthy Skin

Taking supplements can help keep your skin healthy and prevent adult acne outbreaks. Consider taking 15mg-25mg of zinc per day, 10,000-50,000 IU of vitamin A per day (not if pregnant or trying to conceive), 1,000 mg-3,000 mg of vitamin C per day, and 2,000 mg-4,000 mg of MSM per day.

Clean Out Your Cabinet

Go through all of your skincare and hair products and make sure that you aren’t using anything with oil that could clog your pores. Fill your cabinet with products that are noncomedogenic and oil free. Toss the products that you don’t really need;. Using too many products on your skin can be harmful.

Don’t Touch Your Face

You may not realize how often you touch your face throughout the day. Resting your chin or cheeks in your hands, rubbing your eyes or nose, and touching your face in general can increase the growth of bacteria in your pores, causing an acne outbreak.

It’s also important not to pick or squeeze any spots that pop up on your face, this can make the inflammation worse and cause scarring. Being aware of your hands and making an effort to not touch your face will allow you to have healthier skin.

Be Careful When Sweating

When working out, make sure to remove your makeup (as much as possible). Even the right oil free cosmetics can clog your pores during an intense workout. Once you are done working out, make sure to rinse off as soon as possible. As you exercise and increase the temperature of your body, sweat mixes with the oils on the surface of your skin, clogging your pores.

Toweling off and rinsing off as soon as possible can help prevent this. If you are wearing tight, fitted clothes that are wet from perspiration, make sure to change into dry clothes as soon as possible. Staying in sweaty clothing can lead to breakouts on your chest, back, and other parts of the body.

Be Gentle

Using harsh products on your skin can actually harm your skin by creating more oil on the skin and, consequently, more acne. Instead of using harsh products, wash your face one to two times a day with a mild soap and lukewarm water. When drying your skin, make sure to pat instead of rub.


Relax cure acne

One of the common causes of adult acne is stress. Taking the time to relax and de-stress can prevent your skin from breaking out. Take actions throughout your day to help lower your overall stress levels. For example, you can take breaks throughout the day for deep breathing exercises, a walk, or to stretch.

Watch What You Eat

A 2007 Australian study found a 22% decrease in acne lesions for those who followed a diet low in refined carbohydrates, avoiding carbs like the ones in white bread. Scientists believe carbohydrates increase insulin levels, causing hormones to be released that lead to inflamed follicles and more oil on the skin.

Consuming less dairy has also been proven to improve the risk of acne. Monitoring your salt intake may help reduce your chances of adult acne, as the sodium found in salt can make acne worse. Stick to low-sodium options and try to consume less than 1,500mg of salt per day. Eating a well-balanced diet can decrease your chances of suffering from acne as an adult.

How to Get Rid of Adult Acne Naturally

Tea tree oil, which comes from the Australian native tea tree, contains antiseptic properties that help reduce the amount of acne-causing bacteria on the skin. Tea tree oil can be found as a pure oil, as well as in many soaps, face and skin washes, and topical creams.

It is best to use products with a minimum concentration of 5% of tea tree oil and up to 15%. Higher concentrations can burn the skin so they need to be watered down.

While adult acne may not be completely treatable for some, there are many things that can be done to battle it and prevent it from happening. Taking the proper steps to improve your general health as well as the health of your skin can go a long way in avoiding acne as an adult.

If you’re interested in tips for treating adult acne or would like to learn more about how to reduce the appearance of adult acne, contact Dr. Robert Goldman today.